Allergy, which is the problem of millions of people can be in you, your children or your relatives. If you answer a few of these questions positively, you may also be allergic to:
- Is itching or rash that occurs on your skin frequently and lasts for weeks?
- Do you have frequent sneezing, prolonged itching, nasal congestion or runny nose especially in spring?
- Do you have an extreme sensitivity to odors?
- Have you ever woken up at night with shortness of breath or wheezing?
- Do you have common rashes and itching in your body when you take certain medications or nutrients?
- What is Allergy?
The human body encounters with a large number of substances around it every day, willingly or unwillingly. Some of these substances, some of which we take as food or drink, also enter our body through our mouth, nose, eyes or lungs. Our bodies use a significant part of these substances, especially by processing nutrients, and remove waste. Some substances are harmful to the human body, and after they are taken into the body, an intense activity begins to be destroyed. What we call allergy or hypersensitivity is that our body reacts excessively to this event if it meets a substance that it has previously encountered and developed a contraceptive substance. Although the main purpose of this reaction is to eliminate the related substance or substances, the body itself also suffers when the reaction is very severe.
What are Allergic Diseases?
As a result of allergic reactions, a wide variety of diseases can occur in the human body. In addition to allergies, there is a need for other auxiliary factors for these diseases to occur. Today, there are many diseases that are probably caused by allergies, as well as diseases that are considered to be caused by allergies. The most common diseases caused by allergic causes are:
- Allergic cold
- Bronchial asthma
- Eye allergies
- Skin allergies
- Food allergies
- Drug and vaccine allergies
- Insect allergies
- Allergies to the digestive system
How are Allergic Diseases Diagnoses?
Although the methods used in the diagnosis of allergic diseases vary according to the type of the disease, there are also common tests that we use to evaluate the general allergy situation. These include total IgE levels in the blood and IgE levels specific to allergens, the number of eosinophils in the blood, skin tests, histamine release test, burning test, nasal smear, respiratory function tests, exercise test, removal from the patient organ and comparison tests with the relevant allergen. IgE levels vary by age. It is found in infants’ blood in a very small amount immediately after birth. This age gradually increases. Laboratories have normal value ranges determined for all ages. A higher than these values is considered abnormal. Allergic diseases are just one of the reasons that increase IgE. Apart from that, parasitic diseases, various fungal and viral diseases and many other diseases can also increase the levels of IgE in the blood.
What are Skin Tests Done For?
The purpose of performing skin tests is to determine what the allergic person is allergic to. For this, the reaction caused by giving very little allergen to the skin is evaluated.