Arthroscopy is a minimal surgical method used in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the joint. Arthroscopy helps to see the inside of the joint in detail through a small lens and illumination system placed in a pencil-thin tool called an arthroscope, through 4.5 mm drilled holes.
In Which Conditions Is Arthroscopy Necessary?
The diagnosis of joint diseases is made with the help of a good story taken from the patient, physical examination and direct radiographs and laboratory techniques. Arthroscopy is frequently used in the treatment of diseases that concern the joints. It is performed in knee, shoulder, ankle, wrist, elbow and hip joints.
How Is Arthroscopy Performed?
Operating room conditions and anesthesia are required for arthroscopic intervention. Diagnostic arthroscopy can be performed with local anesthesia. After the arthroscopic intervention, mild painkillers are usually sufficient. The length of hospital stay varies depending on the type of procedure performed. The duration of hospitalization is generally 1 day, except for patients who have the repair of the cruciate ligament or knee dislocation. Plaster is not applied after arthroscopic intervention. In some cases, knee pads are used that allow controlled movement. It is necessary to use crutches for 3-4 weeks after some interventions and to avoid giving full weight to the operated leg. Arthroscopy is widely used in the following problems.
Most Common Problems in Knee Joint;
- Meniscus Tears
- Ligament Tears, Especially Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears
- Joint Cartilage Damages
- Free Bodies (Joint Mouse)
- Inflammation and Growth of the Knee Joint Membrane (Synovitis); It usually depends on rheumatic conditions.
- Arthrosis or Calcification
Most Common Problems on the Shoulder;
- Treatment of Muscle Tightening or Recurrent Shoulder Dislocations,
- Interventions for Cartilage and Muscle Beam Diseases Within the Shoulder Joint,
- Early Calcification Treatment,
- Removal of the Joint-Laying Membrane Thickened in Rheumatic Diseases,
- Opening Shoulder Movement Restrictions,
- Removal of Intra-articular Free Bodies
Most Common Problems in Ankle;
- Intra-articular Fractures (Fragmentation and Articulation Mice)
- Meniscoid Lesions (Tissue Compression After Recurrent Sprains)
- Early Calcification (Osteoarthritis)
- Most Common Problems in the Wrist;
- Treatment of Intraarticular Fractures,
- Relaxing Nerve Jams
- Treatment of Ligament Tears Between Wrist Bones,
- Treatment of Joint Cartilage Ruin,
- Tears in the Cartilage Pillow in the Joint
Most Common Problems in the Elbow;
- Cartilage Parting and Joint Mice Treatment,
- Removal of Free Bodies,
- Filing of Bone Protrusions that Prevent Movement,
- Removal of the Joint-Laying Membrane Thickened in Rheumatic Diseases
- Removal of Intraarticular Benign Tumors and Cysts
The above ailments can be treated with arthroscopic or arthroscopy support.
Ali YILMAZ, M.D.
Orthopedics and Traumatology Specialist