Crying is a form of communication for babies. However, some babies have a crying crisis during the day, especially in the evening. This condition called colic is temporary and does not harm the baby.
What is Colic?
Some babies go through crying crises during the day in the form of prolonged or frequent attacks. These extreme crying crises are called colic. In fact, all babies cry or restless from time to time. However, if this behavior is excessive and very frequent, it is defined as colic. There are abdominal pain in the form of sudden spasms. Typically begins in 3-4. weeks and passes at the end of the 3rd month. It is more common in the first baby boy of the family. It begins later in premature babies and returns to normal much later. Colic rarely continues until the 4th or 5th month. It ends suddenly or slowly. It often happens at night.
Why Does Babys Have Colic? Is There Any Harm To The Baby?
The reason is not fully known. It can be due to many reasons. Possible causes include cow’s milk protein sensitivity or allergy, lactose intolerance, if feeding with ready-made foods, sensitivity to allergy to food or allergies, excessive gassing of the baby or communication disorders between the parent and the baby. However, according to recent opinions, some new formation theories are mentioned. These include the effect of intestinal hormones. Colic passes spontaneously over time, there is no harm to the baby. Colic is not related to the bad care or inadequacy of the parents.
How To Calm When A Baby Cries Due To Colic?
- Check if the baby is hungry or thirsty. If you think you’re hungry, try giving breast or bottle (if the baby is not breastfeeding). If the baby is breastfeeding, do not switch to the second breast very quickly. In the mother’s diet, always review foods that cause gas (such as spicy foods, cola drinks). If the baby is feeding with a bottle, do not shake the bottle as air bubbles form with shaking. Do not keep the bottle horizontal because it will cause air swallowing. If possible, use an anticolic bottle and pacifier.
- Try to carry your baby on your lap and shake it gently (do not shake the baby too hard). Some babies can sleep if they swing sideways, and when they swing up and down, they calm down. Check your baby’s responses when they swing in different directions.
- You can shake your baby slowly on the swing, take the baby in a car or stroller.
- Edit the feeding intervals. Wait about two hours if you are sure that it is fully saturated in the previous diet. You can try the pacifier to calm down.
- Try playing a music, driving by car. Interestingly, sometimes even the benefits of washing machine or hair dryer sound have been seen.
- Give a hot bath and relax the baby.
- Massage your baby with soft movements. Gently and lovingly rub your arms, back, abdomen, legs. Lay your baby on your stomach while you lie on your back.
- Take the baby on your lap, lay it on your stomach and tap it on your back. Applying pressure to their abdomen, hitting them on their backs or patting them on their backs will relieve them.
- Especially in the afternoons and in the evening, do not put him in an environment where he can be excited, limit the number of visitors.
- Lullaby and sing. If you discover a melody that your baby likes, you can repeat it.
- If you feel that you are nervous and unable to silence the baby and your stress increases gradually, leave the baby to your father, mother, mother-in-law, friend or caregiver. Avoid hitting it.
- After all, if your baby is still crying, if you are sure that your stomach is full and the bottom is clean, put it on your bed and leave it to sleep. Reduce the noise around and deal with other things for a while. If it does not fall asleep, put it on your lap again and try calming methods.
- Although very easy to digest, babies who are breastfed may also have colic. Never breast milk should be cut, additional food should not be given without consulting a doctor, or frequent food changes should not be made if the baby is fed with food.
- If the baby is still crying, call your doctor.