Intestinal health plays an active role in the individual’s digestive system. The microbiota, the microorganism communities in our intestines, vary for each individual. This lack of diversity increases the risk of developing chronic diseases.
Studies have shown that obese individuals have less microbiota diversity, and likewise, individuals with high microbiota diversity face less weight problems.
Disruption of intestinal microbiota; It promotes diet-induced obesity due to changes in immune metabolism, change in energy order, changes in intestinal hormone balance and inflammation precursor mechanisms. Reducing dietary fiber, consumption of packaged foods, increased sugar intake, consumption of fried foods, consumption of processed meat products; in short, unhealthy nutrition harms our microbiota diversity. In this context, healthy nutrition and probiotic-prebiotic intake are very important for our intestinal health.
Prebiotics are food sources that feed the bacteria in the digestive tract and stimulate their growth. Examples of prebiotics are onions, leeks, and asparagus. Digestion resistant starches have been shown to enrich certain bacterial groups in some people. Probiotics are microorganisms that are naturally found in the digestive system, aid digestion and reduce inflammation. Probiotics are living microorganisms that, when taken in sufficient quantities, provide a health benefit. It can be included in a variety of products, including probiotic foods, dietary supplements, or medications. Yogurt, kefir, buttermilk, pickled products are examples of probiotics that we can take in diet.
It is very important to pay attention to a healthy and appropriate diet in order to prevent the diversity of microbiota, intestinal health and chronic diseases.
Dyt. Müge Seren Süslü
Diet and Nutrion Specialist