In addition to being able to treat systemic and local troubles in the body by surgical methods, general surgery is a technical discipline that includes issues such as wound healing and injury and has affected many surgical and basic medical branches during its development. One of the most important stages in the treatment of General Surgery patients is that the patient will return to her/his previous life as soon as possible after the operation.
One of the areas that general surgery is interested in is traumatology department. Many different departments (such as Orthopedics, Cardiovascular Surgery, Urology) must work together, as many different organs can be damaged in patients undergoing trauma.
The majority of patients coming to the general surgery department consist of cancer patients.
Services provided at the General Surgery Clinic
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Goiter (Thyroid)
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Diseases
- Ingrown of Hair
- Treatment of Inguinal and Abdominal Anterior Wall Hernias (Laparoscopic and open methods)
- Surgery of the Gall Bladder by Closed Method
- Alimentary canal (esophagus) Diseases, Reflux diseases
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Stomach Diseases
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Intestinal Diseases
- Liver and Biliary Tract Diseases
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Pancreatic and Spleen Diseases
- Endocrine System Diseases (Thyroid gland and adrenal gland diseases)
- Breech Crack (Anal Fissure)
- Perianal Fistula
- Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids)
General Surgery department also aims to protect patients from surgery by performing preventive treatments with screening methods performed in some diseases such as breast and colon cancer.
In Which Symptoms Should It Be Necessary to Contact the General Surgery Department?
Nausea, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, heartburn, jaundice, stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, vomiting or fecal blood, abdominal pain, indigestion, bloating, flatulence. Also in the presence of swelling in the neck, masses that have been enlarged to be seen by hand or eye from the breast or outside the body.
Goiter (Thyroid) Diseases
Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the throat, just below the cartilage protrusion called “Adam’s apple” and which is vital for the body. In the treatment of thyroid, there are clear parameters of the surgery decision. Fine needle aspiration biopsy for small nodules provides valuable data for diagnosis as benign, malignant, suspicious or unidentified. If the nodule is benign, there is no need for surgery. However, malignant or suspicious nodules are in the group that needs to be operated.
Breast surgery performs biopsy of the masses detected in the breast, removal, filling the gap formed by the tumor removed, control of regional lymph nodes in cancer patients and / or removal of cancerous lymph nodes. It is not necessary to surgically remove every noticed mass. Tumors (fibroadenoma, lipoma, hamartoma, etc.) that have not reached large sizes and are sure to be benign can also be followed.
Upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy (gastroscopy), is the examination method of alimentary canal (esophagus), stomach and the first part of the intestine (duodenum). The procedure is applied to diagnose diseases that may occur in the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. This is done by the method of swallowing a thin, long and easily bent elastic tubular device (gastroscope). If it is deemed necessary during the procedure, small tissue samples (biopsy) are taken for the purpose of a more detailed laboratory examination. Gastroscopy is performed with anesthesia, and the procedure and biopsy are not painful.
Appendicitis is when the appendix, that is, the blind intestine, becomes inflamed and filled with pus. Its treatment is usually surgical removal of the inflamed appendix and surgery. This is called appendectomy. Surgery is possible by open or closed (laparoscopic) method.
Stomach botox is a method that is applied under anesthesia with an endoscopic method in about half an hour in patients whose body mass index varies between 25-35 and who cannot lose weight despite long-term diet programs.
The mechanism of action of stomach botox is to reduce the rate of gastric emptying by providing relaxation in the stomach muscles in the region where it is applied, thereby arousing the feeling of early satiety. In addition, it reduces the appetite hormone released from the stomach after each meal which is called GHRELIN.
The effect starts from the 4th day after the application and the patient realizes that he starts to saturate with less portions. As a result of both the decreased appetite and the remaining food in the stomach, the patient is saturated with half a portion with a botox effect, while the patient used to be filled with 1 serving. However, this effect of stomach botox is not for life, it takes about 6 months.