Hands that cause infectious diseases and are the most important means of contamination, have a very important role in the formation of diarrhea cases called acute gastroenteritis with upper respiratory tract infections.
Diarrhea caused by unwashed hands and meals that we eat and prepare may cause epidemics. If the person with a cold cough sneezes and blows his nose just before he touches others, he may have infect the people directly. Hand washing is very important in preventing most of the hospital infections. Simple, inexpensive, the right hand washing method that can be easily applied by all segments of the society. The importance of hand washing should be taught to children from a young age. Hand washing is for the protection of personal and public health, and it is a very effective method when appropriate. If we gain the right hand washing habit in terms of person and community health, we will be protected from many infectious diseases. In proper hand washing, hands should be rubbed with plenty of water and soap for at least 15-20 seconds. Fingerprints, palms, nails should be cleaned thoroughly. Total hand washing time should be at least 1 minute.
When should the hands be washed?
Before preparing food, before and after eating, touching uncooked food (especially meat, chicken, fish, eggs), touching spoiled food and garbage, after using the toilet, after changing children’s diapers, with upper respiratory secretions after contact (sneezing, coughing, etc.), before and after contact with the patient, after the use of common means in the community (public transport, money exchange, telephone, etc.), contact with cats, dogs and all other animals then we must wash our hands correctly and on time. In this period when the weather begins to cool down and upper respiratory tract infections increase, it is important to wash the hands frequently and correctly, maintaining hand hygiene after contact with infected materials and preventing infectious diseases. It is a very simple but very important clue for health therefore hand washing should not be forgotten and should be used as a habit.