Psychiatry is a medical science that tries to detect and treat disorders in areas such as emotion, thought, behavior, perception, attention, concentration, sleep, appetite and memory, which describes mental health. Disorders in these fields seriously affect the quality of life of both the person and her/his environment. Social events as well as genetic factors affect these disorders. Therefore, in the treatment of these disorders, it is aimed to both correct the biological damage in the person’s body and to create a lifestyle that can continue this improvement for a long time.
Today, there are many medicines used in the biological treatment of psychiatric disorders. Medicines play a role in the improvement of mental complaints by their effects on molecules such as serotonin, dopamine, noradrenaline and their receptors in the body. Medicines are selected for the complaints that the patient states during the examination, and a follow-up protocol is applied to monitor the patient’s condition. When the expected benefit from the medicines is obtained, a protocol is applied again and the medicines are stopped. This process can also vary from person to person, as the condition of each patient varies according to her/him.
With the use of medication, many physical and mental disturbing complaints may improve. In order for this improvement to be permanent, awareness and changes in the perspective of the problems experienced by the person in their daily life are required. Psychiatric therapies enable the person to react more constructively by creating new awareness and positive changes in the perspective of events. The patient and the therapist decide together on the frequency and duration of the therapy sessions, depending on the patient’s condition and expectations.
Since there is no single cause that causes psychiatric disorders, a single method may not be effective in treatment. Therefore, the combination of medicines and therapies is more effective and permanent. In this regard, the patient’s awareness of the situation that bothering her/him and the patient’s efforts to change this situation is an important factor affecting the success of the treatment.